The average lifetime of human is increasing, and so are the diseases. It is mandatory to take precautions against arthritis (calcification) that occur as the people age. As hip joint is one of the main joints that bear the body weight, wear and disruption risks are higher. Stating that hip joint arthritis is more prevalent in women older than 40 years of age, Liv Hospital Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialist Prof. Dr. Erden Erturer explained the conditions for which hip prosthesis is used and the robotic method in hip prosthetics surgery.

How does hip calcification (osteoarthritis) start?

Hip osteoarthritis or coxarthrosis, known by the general population as the calcification of hip joint, is the most common cause of hip pain in middle aged and older people. Arthritis is the inflammation of the joint. There are many disorders that can cause inflammation and deformation in the joints, and these lead to arthritis by causing permanent damage on joint surfaces. Normally, joint cartilage has a smooth and slippery surface. Arthritis causes thinning, roughness, and fractures in the cartilage that extend down into the bones. As the deformation of the cartilage tissue worsens, contact and friction start between the bone surfaces. The joints lose their smoothness and pain occurs.

What are the symptoms of hip osteoarthritis?

The main complaint of arthritis patients is the pain. Initially, pain aggravates with activity and load, and generally decreases after rest. The pain around the hip may spread to femur and groin areas. As the disease progresses, it restricts joint movements and causes difficulties in walking. And pain does not go away even if the patient rests.

 Aside from calcification, what conditions cause hip pain?

The most frequent types of hip pain are caused by soft tissues like muscle and ligaments in this area. Standing for long periods of time, exercises and movements that are not routine can cause muscle pain. Directly bone-related cancers can be seen in the hip region, as well as cancers with different origins can spread to hip bones and cause pain. Nerves in the hip area originate from the back region.   Therefore, conditions like disc herniated and slipped disc can manifest with pain that extends.

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